Updated: May 4, 2020
*South China Sea warning: Beijing vows to arrest 'illegal' Vietnam and Philippines fishers - express.co.uk
*“China claims 80 percent of Philippine EEZ in the West Philippine Sea…China is the only country that claims Philippine EEZ in the West Philippine Sea,”- globalnation.inquirer.net
*Cost of China damage to PH reefs: P33B a year - globalnation.inquirer.net
*China causing $880m in annual damage to reefs in disputed waters -
*China caused most damage in West Philippine Sea, says marine biologist - gmanetwork.com
*China overfishing in West Philippine Sea are putting critical habitat—and the food supply of millions—at risk. - nationalgeographic.com
*Experts have warned that the South China Sea — one of the world’s vital marine ecosystems — is on the edge of a fisheries collapse as it faces serious threats of overfishing. - philstar.com
*Filipino scientists planted Scarborough clams harvested by Chinese - philstar.com
South China Sea warning: Beijing vows to arrest 'illegal' Vietnam and Philippines fishers - Express.co.uk
CHINA has vowed to enforce strict regulations for its summer fishing ban in the South China Sea.
China has previously abstained from arresting any fishermen from Vietnam and the Philippines, but have arrested Chinese fishing vessels for violating the ban.
This year, the China Coast Guard (CCG) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs have announced a campaign to crack down on all illegal fishermen.
The China Coast Guard and the country's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs started the campaign on Friday to strengthen port monitoring, maritime patrols, fishing boat regulation and the crackdown on illegal activities.
Local authorities will be asked to publicise the fishing ban policy, which is regarded as the most important and effective system for protecting the fishery resources in China.
The ban comes as China’s National People’s Congress draft a revision to the People’s Armed Police (PAP), China’s paramount police and paramilitary force.
Under the proposed revision, the PAP will have expanded duties for maritime law enforcement, which will protect China’s rights to its sea territories and maritime intelligence.
The PAP will also no longer responsible for disaster response functions like fire-fighting under the revision.
The police previously reshuffled and put under China’s Central Military Commission alongside armed forces like the People’s Liberation Army Navy and People’s Liberation Army Air Force in 2017.
“China claims 80 percent of Philippine EEZ in the West Philippine Sea…China is the only country that claims Philippine EEZ in the West Philippine Sea,”
Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio refuted the claim of House Speaker Alan Peter Cayetano that Malaysia and Vietnam occupy more islands in the West Philippine Sea than China.
Carpio said both Malaysia and Vietnam do not claim any part of the country’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
“China claims 80 percent of Philippine EEZ in the West Philippine Sea…China is the only country that claims Philippine EEZ in the West Philippine Sea,” Carpio said in a text message.
“Vietnam and Malaysia do not claim any part of Philippine EEZ in the West Philippine Sea,” he added.
Cost of China damage to PH reefs: P33B a year - GlobalNation Inquirer
The Philippines is losing about P33.1 billion annually from the damaged reef ecosystems at Panatag (Scarborough) Shoal and the Spratly Islands mainly due to China’s reclamation activities and illegal fishing operations, according to Filipino marine scientists.
Deo Florence Onda, a scientist with the University of the Philippines’ Marine Science Institute (UP MSI), on Wednesday said the figure, while already staggering, was a “conservative estimate,” considering the complex marine biodiversity of the country.
“The value includes all the services that we get from the coral reefs like climate regulation and the benefits we get from the ecosystem,” he said at a forum organized by conservation group Oceana Philippines.
Onda said the amount of losses was determined using the baseline value of $353,429 (P18 million) per hectare per year for coral reefs that was arrived at in a study by a Dutch information and analytics company.
While the reefs remain damaged, the country loses that much annually, he said.
The study, “Global estimates of the value of ecosystems and their services in monetary value,” was done in 2012 by Elsevier, one of the world’s major providers of scientific, technical and medical information.
Satellite images showed the damaged reef ecosystems at Panatag covered 550 hectares and 1,300 ha in the Spratlys group.
Unchecked by gov’t
Maritime law expert Jay Batongbacal said the figures did not include areas not visible to satellites.
While the Chinese are not the only poachers in Philippine waters, the mass harvesting of giant clams by Chinese fishermen and China’s massive reclamation to build seven artificial islands caused the most severe damage.
If these activities remain unchecked by the government, Onda said the decline in the country’s fisheries output would continue and could threaten the country’s food security.
China causing $880m in annual damage to reefs in disputed waters - Straitstimes
China's massive fishing fleet and land reclamation activities in the South China Sea are causing at least 33 billion pesos (S$880 million) worth of damage each year to the Philippines' reef ecosystem, experts said on Wednesday (July 3).
"The value includes all services we get from coral reefs, like climate regulation, and the benefits we get from the ecosystem," said Dr Deo Florence Onda, a scientist with the University of the Philippines' Marine Science Institute.
He added that the estimate, while staggering, is still "conservative".
China caused most damage in West Philippine Sea, says marine biologist - GMA Network
A marine biologist said that China was responsible for most of the damage dealt to the coral reefs in the West Philippine Sea due to its construction of artificial islands in the area.
Dr. Kent Carpenter of the Old Dominion University further said that it may take decades, if not centuries, until the water resources would heal, according to a Thursday report by Dano Tingcungco on State of the Nation with Jessica Soho.
"[T]hey have started to extract again tridacna from the reef flats of different parts of the South China Sea. We also have more satellite imagery that shows even in 2018, the sediments continued to bleed away from these islands that were built," Carpenter said.
This was a statement which was shared by political scientist Rommel Banlaoi, who observed the destruction of the reefs.
China overfishing in West Philippine Sea are putting critical habitat—and the food supply of millions—at risk. - National Geographic
It was after a Chinese coast guard vessel attacked a friend’s boat with water cannons that Tubo quit fishing the South China Sea.
“One minute you’ll see an airplane, then there’s a naval boat,” he says. “If we keep going over there, maybe we won’t be able to go home to our families.”
“As they see it, it’s theirs now, and Filipinos are forbidden,” says Henry Tesorio, an elected councilor for a fishing village in Puerto Princesa. - Philstar
Experts have warned that the South China Sea — one of the world’s vital marine ecosystems — is on the edge of a fisheries collapse as it faces serious threats of overfishing.
Filipino scientists planted Scarborough clams harvested by Chinese - Philstar
The giant clams or Taklobos extracted by Chinese fishing vessels in the Scarborough Shoal have been placed there by Filipino scientists, a maritime expert said.
Lawyer Jay Batongbacal, director of University of the Philippines Institute for Maritime Affairs and Law of the Sea (UP IMLOS), the UP Marine Science Institute seeded Taklobo shells in the late 1980s.
"Nakaimbento ng proseso sina Dr. (Edgardo) Gomez para mag-breed ng mga shell, mga giant clam shell kaya nung successful 'yon marami silang dinala doon binalik sa Scarborough," Batongbacal said in an interview with radio dzMM Friday.
The maritime expert also noted that the Chinese vessels are killing the giant clams and are only after the shells.
According to Batongbacal, the Chinese are using the shells as a substitute for ivory in carving and jewelry.
"Kaya nga po nagulat tayo nung 2012, kahit si Prof. Gomez ng MSI, nung una akala niya ginagamit 'yung mga shell para lang pantambak pero 'yun pala meron trade talaga 'yung shell na Taklobo ang ginagamit sa carving and libu-libong dolyares po ang halaga ng bentahan sa China ng mga ganyan," Batongbacal said.
Each giant shell is estimated to be worth at least P25,000, according to the maritime expert.
China's activitiy of extracting giant clams from Scarborough Shoal damages the ecosystem in the traditional fishing ground off the coast of Zambales.
"Kung mawala po ang Taklobo ay masisira at maaaring hindi na magtagal ang ating coral reef at mahirap nga po ngayon ang sama ng ginagawa ng mga Chinese. Hinuhukay pa nila 'yung mga coral reef, sinisira po nila 'yun para makuha itong mga Taklobo na ito," the professor said.
The Philippine government should definitely raise the activity of Chinese fishermen in the South China Sea as it appears that they are the only ones harvesting giant clams from the area.
Presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo earlier called out China's continuous extraction of giant clams in Scarborough Shoal, pointing out that it violates Philippine sovereignty.
Foreign Affairs Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jr. said his department will be taking legal action into the activities of the Chinese in the area.