International News: YELLOW is and always will be the Color of DEMOCRACY

Understanding the Yellow Color of Democracy, A wider global perspective of Yellow and Democracy. Democracy is the basic civic rights of every citizens in a democratic country.

Thailand's Color War: Why Reds Hates Yellow

The Yellow Shirts (or the People’s Alliance for Democracy)

As Thaksin continued to fortify his increasingly firm grip on power, a group of ultra-nationalists, royalists, business elites and members of the urban middle class formed the People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD) in a bid to unseat the prime minister.

The group, led by media mogul Sondhi Limthongkul and former general Chamlong Srimuang, donned yellow-shirts — the color of the highly venerated and nationally beloved King Bhumiphol Adulyadej — in a sign of undying allegiance to country and the royal family, whom they believed Thaksin was seeking to undermine.


Source: https://world.time.com/2013/11/07/thailands-color-war-why-red-hates-yellow/slide/the-peoples-alliance-for-democracy-yellow-shirts/



Pro-democracy Movements Bring Back Yellow as a Symbol

The color was associated with the military dictatorship, symbolized the Diretas Já campaign, was present at Dilma's impeachment and was appropriated by Bolsonaro supporters

In the flag it represents wealth, in the military dictatorship it served to stimulate pride, in Diretas Já it pushed people to the streets to clamor for direct vote and, in Brazil today, it is disputed by detractors and supporters of Jair Bolsonaro.

Yellow has already been used and recycled as a symbol in different contexts of national politics, now associated with the establishment, now with contestation.

Color (which, combined with green, is synonymous with Brazil anywhere in the world) is at the center of a war that pits civil society movements that defend democracy against groups loyal to Bolsonaro.


While the second group takes to the streets in yellow and proudly displays the national flag and sings anthem, sectors critical of the government want these items returned to Brazil as common goods.

“When the Bolsonaristas take ownership of these symbols, they are able to reinforce a false narrative that they are the true Brazilians”, said the writer Antonio Prata, one of the organizers of Somos Juntos, a democracy manifesto that has amassed more than 283 thousand signatures.


Source: https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/internacional/en/brazil/2020/06/pro-democracy-movements-bring-back-yellow-as-a-symbol.shtml


Yellow is the Colour of Democracy in Hong Kong and Youth the Image

Photo Source: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/dec/15/children-of-the-revolution-the-hong-kong-youths-ready-to-sacrifice-everything


Professors are recording and uploading their lectures to make good the missing classes. Students are gathered in Tamar Park, where the central Government offices are located. Speeches, discussions, protest banners, processions- the place is buzzing with activity. Thousands of students move in and out wearing black t-shirts with slogans printed in Cantonese, sporting yellow ribbon. Yellow is the colour; of democracy, liberty, freedom, happiness and the responsibility they have shouldered.


Source: http://practicalacademic.blogspot.com/2014/09/yellow-is-colour-of-democracy-in-hong.html


Last Call for Hong Kong’s Rule of Law through Yellow Umbrella Democracy Movement

Hong Kong’s rule of law has been increasingly eroded by the government’s fealty to Beijing. The Umbrella Movement itself was a pro-democracy protest that lasted 79 days and converged on three main sites, including government headquarters in the city’s Central District. The movement was a call for the direct election of Hong Kong’s leader, the chief executive, and symbolized a political awakening for a generation of Hong Kongers increasingly keen on real democracy in their city.


Source: https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/11/20/last-call-for-hong-kongs-rule-of-law/


The future of Hong Kong's democracy in the shadow of China

Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong brought over 100,000 city residents out to occupy busy thoroughfares. The movement deeply shook politics in the city, as well as relations with mainland China. And it reinvigorated a political reform process that—while bumpy and ultimately unsuccessful this time around—has the real potential to re-shape Hong Kong-Beijing relations moving forward.


While the Umbrella Movement was the most electrifying moment in Hong Kong’s struggle for democratic reform, it was only the middle chapter of a much longer story.

Bush also posits that the “millenialization” of politics played a role. While mass demonstrations are not new in Hong Kong, this form of civic engagement has been dominated by young people in the last decade.


Source: https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2016/10/07/looming-large-the-future-of-hong-kong-in-the-shadow-of-china/


Yellow Vest Movement Struggles to Reinvent Democracy as Macron Cranks Up Propaganda and Repression

The local Yellow Vests were able to host 700 delegates at the St. Nazaire “House of the People,” and the three-day series of general meetings and working groups went off without a hitch in an atmosphere of good-fellowship. A sign on the wall proclaimed: “No one has the solution, but everybody has a piece of it.”

Their project: mobilize their “collective intelligence” to reorganize, strategize, and prolong their struggle. Their aim: achieve the immediate goals of livable wages and retirements, restoration of social benefits and public services like schools, transportation, post offices, hospitals, taxing the rich and ending fiscal fraud to pay for preserving the environment, and, most ambitious of all, reinventing democracy in the process. Their Declaration ends with the phrase “government of the people, by the people, and for the people.” I often wonder if they know who coined it.


Source: https://www.laprogressive.com/yellow-vest-movement/


Democracies In Crisis: Has The West Given Up On Democracy?

For much of the last two years, we have heard that democracies are dying. Right-leaning political forces, most amplified by Brexit and Donald Trump’s 2016 election victory and later similarly minded leaders in Austria and Italy, were supposed to be the death knell for old-school democratic societies in the West. But according to the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), democracy is alive and kicking.

One of the key signs that people have not given up on democracy is public protest. Whether it’s the Yellow Vests in Paris, or anti-Trump Woman’s March protests, participatory democracy is thriving.

“Increased engagement is encouraging for democracy, but it comes amid deep political polarisation and the rise of strongman politics around the world,” says Fiona Macki, the report’s editor. “Bearing all this in mind, it seems too soon to say that the ‘democracy recession’ has bottomed out.”


Source: https://www.forbes.com/sites/kenrapoza/2019/01/09/democracies-in-crisis-has-the-west-given-up-on-democracy/#67c2e66e1242


Hong Kong 'umbrella movement' marks first anniversary and vows to fight on

Pro-democracy activists say struggle is not over but there is little appetite for renewed occupations in the near future


Activists in Hong Kong have vowed to continue their fight for democracy, one year after clashes between police and student protesters sparked some of the largest demonstrations ever seen in the former British colony.

Hundreds of campaigners descended on Hong Kong’s government headquarters on Monday afternoon to remember the 79-day “umbrella movement” demonstrations that began on 28 September last year.

“I have a very simple message: we must continue the fight until we get democracy for Hong Kong,” Benny Tai, a university professor who helped launch the occupation, told the Guardian before addressing the crowd. “It is not over.”

Joshua Wong, a prominent student leader, vowed to stay on the frontline of his city’s battle for universal suffrage, and said his message for China’s president, Xi Jinping, was: “Give Hong Kong democracy and autonomy. It is the commitment … that China’s government made in 1984.”


Source: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/sep/28/hong-kong-umbrella-movement-first-anniversary-democracy


Thailand: Thousands Participate in Latest Pro-Democracy Protest

“We have democracy with the king as the head of state, but the monarchy has much more power than the system allows,” he told about protesters at a rally in Bangkok last week.

Under the Lese-Majeste law, one count of defaming, insulting or threatening the Thai royal family carries a penalty of three to 15 years in prison. Nearly 100 people have been charged under the law since a 2014 coup led by Prayuth Chan-o-cha, according to iLaw, an online legal advocacy group.


Source: https://www.benarnews.org/english/news/thai/protests-08102020155900.html



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