Updated: Jul 13, 2020
Our Future Generations Natural Resources, lands, seas, and Territory.
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Philippines beats China in international court
AMSTERDAM (2nd UPDATE) - Judges at an arbitration tribunal in The Hague on Tuesday rejected China's claims to economic rights across large swathes of the South China Sea in a ruling that was claimed as a victory by the Philippines.
"There was no legal basis for China to claim historic rights to resources within the sea areas falling within the 'nine-dash line'," the court said, referring to a demarcation line on a 1947 map of the sea, which is rich in energy, mineral and fishing resources.
In the 497-page ruling, judges also found that Chinese law enforcement patrols had risked colliding with Philippine fishing vessels in parts of the sea and caused irreparable damage to coral reefs with construction work.
China, which boycotted the case brought by the Philippines, has said it will not be bound by any ruling.
All eyes were watching for reaction from the Asian political and military powerhouse, which had fired off a barrage of criticism even before the decision by the PCA in The Hague was announced.
China asserts sovereignty over almost all of the strategically vital waters in the face of rival claims from its Southeast Asian neighbors.
Manila had lodged the suit against Beijing in 2013, saying that after 17 years of negotiations it had exhausted all political and diplomatic avenues.
Beijing waged a months-long campaign to discredit the panel, which it says has no jurisdiction in the multinational dispute, and it refused to take part in the case.
The state-run China Daily topped its front page with a picture of Woody Island in the Paracels, emblazoned: "Arbitration invalid."
English-language headlines on the official Xinhua news agency included: "South China Sea arbitration abuses international law: Chinese scholar", "Permanent Court of Arbitration must avoid being used for political purposes" and "The sea where Chinese fishermen live and die".
Ahead of the decision, new Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte had signaled he did not want to antagonize China, saying he would not "taunt or flaunt" a favorable ruling and would seek a "soft landing" with China.
- Nine-dash line -
China's claims were first enshrined in a map drawn in the 1940s with a nine-dash line stretching south from China and encircling almost all of the sea, although it says Chinese fishermen have been using it for centuries.
To bolster its position it has rapidly turned reefs into artificial islands capable of hosting military planes.
It has held naval drills between the Paracels and the southern Chinese island of Hainan in recent days.
US naval destroyers have been patrolling near the Chinese-claimed Scarborough Shoal and Spratly Islands, supported by aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan, the US-based Navy Times reported.
Chinese state media have said Beijing will not take a "single step back" after the ruling, and President Xi Jinping said earlier this month that China would never compromise on sovereignty, adding: "We are not afraid of trouble."
China had sought diplomatic support around the world, and foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang said its latest backers included Angola, Madagascar and Papua New Guinea, showing that "justice and righteousness always have popular support".
"Who is upholding the sanctity of international law and who is breaking international law, I think people are all clear about that," Lu said.
- 'Escalate war of words' -
Manila lodged its suit against Beijing in 2013, saying China was in violation of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), to which both countries are signatories.
One of the key issues was whether the land features in the area are islands capable of supporting human habitation -- which under UNCLOS are entitled to territorial waters and an exclusive economic zone -- or rocks, which only have territorial waters, or low-tide elevations, which get neither.
If none of the outcrops are islands, then none of the claimants to them would gain sole rights to major expanses of the waters around them.
"The ruling can reduce the scope of the South China Sea disputes, but will not solve them," said analysts Yanmei Xie and Tim Johnston of the International Crisis Group in a report.
The ruling was likely to "escalate the war of words", they said, but added: "Escalation to military standoffs is not inevitable."
China could choose to withdraw from UNCLOS, or begin building on Scarborough Shoal, which Washington would view as a provocation.
Beijing could also declare an air defence identification zone over the South China Sea, claiming the right to interrogate aircraft passing through the airspace, or try to remove a ship grounded by the Philippines on Second Thomas Shoal for use as a base.
Alternatively, it could move to reduce tensions.
Philippine Foreign Minister Perfecto Yasay told AFP on Friday that Manila hoped to open direct talks with Beijing on the dispute, and presidential spokesman Ernesto Abella said Tuesday: "The top priority will be national interest."
The Philippine embassy in China has warned its citizens to beware of personal "threats" and avoid political debates.
Nationalist demonstrations are not rare in China, sometimes apparently with the tacit backing of authorities.
More than 20 Chinese police were positioned outside the Philippine embassy on Tuesday, with more in vans nearby -- a significantly larger presence than usual -- along with two lorries loaded with crowd control barriers, a possible indication that authorities expected protests at the building.
- With reports from Reuters
Why Filipinos should Defend West Philippine Sea?
We need every single Filipino to defend this Philippine Territory.
What is China Robbing or Stealing from the Filipinos and Philippines that we do nothing, for our Future Generations Natural ,Resources, lands, seas, and Territory.
Blaming the past won't do, but doing a solid action in the present will protect unborn Filipinos to wake up to a country that is not lost at sea disputes.
Hold on, God provided these Natural Riches for Filipinos ,the land is given by God to us and the. fish to our countrymen, and the territory to our homeland.
Cement Infra wont replace the centuries of Fish, Natural Gas, Oil, lands Seas, and Territory. The Infra will perish, but not the Gift from God for centuries, so we must defend it.
Though total estimates vary, the region is thought to contain oil reserves of at least 7.7 billion proven barrels, with more optimistic estimates reaching as high as 213 billion barrels. This is a huge sum, and if true, would be the equivalent of about 80 percent of the oil reserves of Saudi Arabia. The varied estimates demonstrate that no consensus has been formed on the numbers. Though Beijing has suggested the Spratly Islands may also contain oil reserves, no reliable estimates have been on these areas either. However, many believe there to be a significant hydrocarbon prize in the region.
Natural gas might be the most abundant and sought-after hydrocarbon resource in the South China Sea. Natural gas reserves are estimated to total around 266 trillion cubic feet and make up about 60-70 percent of the region’s hydrocarbon resources. Indeed, most of the hydrocarbon fields explored in the exclusive economic zones of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, and the Philippines contain natural gas, not oil.
As with oil, estimates of the region’s natural gas resources vary widely. One Chinese estimate for the entire SCS estimates natural gas reserves to be 2 quadrillion cubic feet, with the hope that Beijing can produce 15 billion cubic meters of LNG a year. Yet another Chinese report estimates 225 billion barrels of oil equivalent in the Spratly Islands alone. It is hypothetically possible therefore, that total gas resources (as opposed to proved reserves) in the South China Sea would be almost 900 trillion cubic feet (Tcf). This would be equivalent to the amount of natural gas in Qatar, which sits on the world’s third largest reserves.
Rare Earth Metals
As defined by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, rare earth metals are a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides plus scandium and yttrium. The metals are important because they provide critical components in next generation technology; everything from hybrid cars to flat screen TVs to top-of-the-line smart phones have rare earth metal elements. Though the availability of REM’s in the South China Sea is still being determined, large deposits have recently been found just off Japan’s east coast, and China has previously used its virtual monopoly on the minerals to punish Japan in the Senkaku/Diaoyu island conflict.
According to studies made by the Filipino Department of Environment and Natural Resources, the South China Sea holds one third of the entire world’s marine biodiversity and provides about ten percent of the world’s catch. Major marine species include hairtail, chub mackerel, black scraper, anchovy, shrimps, crabs and smaller fishes. According to some estimates however, 40% of the stocks are collapsed or overexploited and 70% of the coral reefs are heavily depleted. Overfishing and destructive practices such as dynamite and cyanide fishing primarily contribute to this depletion.
In spite of the focus on hydrocarbon reserves, some scholars suggest that disputes over fishing rights have emerged as a larger driver of conflict. Indeed, depleting supplies have led to clashes in the past, and annual Chinese fishing bans under the auspices of environmental protection are seen as simply another way of claiming sovereignty. The South China Sea is filled with fishing vessels; China alone sent 23,000 fishing boats in August of this year after the annual ban was lifted.
Del Rosario, Morales insist: Filipinos don’t want to give up West PH Sea
Filipinos want the government to assert the country’s sovereignty even if people support President Rodrigo Duterte, former Foreign Affairs Secretary Albert del Rosario and former Ombudsman Conchita Carpio-Morales said on Thursday.
According to them, people can segregate their support for Duterte and the desire for actions against China’s militarization and intrusion of the West Philippine Sea.
Read more: https://globalnation.inquirer.net/177088/del-rosario-morales-insist-filipinos-dont-want-to-give-up-west-ph-sea#ixzz6FD1JLPAb Follow us: @inquirerdotnet on Twitter | inquirerdotnet on Facebook